It is now well documented that E-cadherin expression correlates inversely with tumor grade in various carcinomas including prostate cancer. We also demonstrated a statistically significant correlation between decreased E-cadherin expression and progression-free period in early stage patients treated by radical prostatectomy and decreased survival in patients with advanced stage disease. We now study the relationship between E cadherin and α-catenin expression, because in prostate cancer cell lines, mutational inactivation of the α-catenin gene can be the cause of the impaired E- cadherin function. Twenty patients treated by radical prostatectomy and 32 advanced stage patients were evaluated immunohistochemically for E-cadherin and α-catenin expression. The results were related to tumor grade and disease progression. Four patients in the radical prostatectomy group had aberrant E-cadherin and α-catenin expression and showed disease progression. The other 16 patients were free of progression and had normal E-cadherin and α-catenin expression. In the advanced stage group, 4 of 13 patients with normal E-cadherin staining showed aberrant α-catenin expression and 2 patients (50%) progressed, compared with only 22% progression in patients with both normal E-cadherin and α-catenin expression. The other 19 patients with aberrant E-cadherin and α-catenin staining had the poorest prognosis. Our results suggest that loss of α-catenin expression could be one of the mechanisms responsible for the loss of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion in human prostate cancer and might in some cases provide prognostic information.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Oct 1997|