Reframing Integration for Mixed Methods Research

Timothy Lynam, Rita Damayanti, Christiana Rialine Titaley, Nugroho Suharno, Mark Bradley, Alison Krentel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


We suggest and illustrate from our experiences of integration in a public health context in Indonesia, a reframing of integration for mixed methods research that focuses on context, outcomes, objects, and integrative mechanisms. Through describing the tools and conceptualizations that helped us integrate, we argue for expanding the scope of integration to include social process methods (which we describe) and for rethinking the desired outcomes of integration. The article contributes to the field of mixed methods research by proposing: (a) a new framing of integration that supports greater precision as well as an expanded scope over what and how integration could be implemented, (b) a set of theoretical and conceptual models to support integration, and (c) a new and fully integrated data collection instrument.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-357
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Mixed Methods Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • cognitive integration
  • integration
  • integrative mechanisms
  • mass drug administration
  • social outcomes
  • social representations


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