Reduction of Carbon Emissions from Tropical Peat Land Fire Disasters Using Weather Modification Technology

Ari Sandhyavitri, Bambang Sujatmoko, Mitra Adhimukti, F. Heru Widodo, Rizki Ramadhan Husaini, Ulviyya Mammadova, Yulianto S. Nugroho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Is there a technological way to decrease the carbon emissions caused by a devastating tropical peat land fire? This issue was addressed in this article. The objectives of this article are to (i) calculate the amount of carbon emissions that the tropical peat fire disasters in Pelalawan Regency, Sumatra Island, Indonesia, released into the atmosphere (2017-2020), and (ii) investigate the potential contributions that weather modification technology (WMT) can play to decreasing carbon emissions from these disasters. Peat fire catastrophes are especially challenging to put out because the flames may spread deeply into the peat soil layers and consume the peat soil materials. It was determined that the peat fires released 8,135 M tons of CO2 in four years. The size of the burned regions and the amount of carbon emissions released into the atmosphere both dramatically decreased following the 2020 WMT implementation compared to the 2017-2019 periods; as there was an increase in rainfall rates in 2020. According to the Target-only technique, the application of WMT (in 2020) was considered successful in lowering carbon emissions (CHS=0.0008<1). This article can be utilized as a reference by risk mitigation experts and policymakers to decrease carbon emissions through the application of WMT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)834-848
Number of pages15
JournalEnvironment and Ecology Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023


  • Burned Areas
  • Carbon Emissions
  • Hotspots
  • Rainfall
  • Smoldering
  • Tropical Peat Fires
  • Weather Modification Technology


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