The problem analyzed in this article is the background behind socio-political conditions that motivated Aidit to fight alongside the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). Many studies have been made by Western and Indonesian scholars on the PKI, especially in the works of Ruth McVey and Mortimer, but they have not given a room for discussion specifically on PKI as a subject of organizational movement. Among these researchers, only a few were concerned enough to look more thoroughly on Aidit as a political man shaped by the experiences and social conditions in which he grew and developed.. This study aims to explain his childhood life until the moment where Aidit choose to become a political activist and produce a comprehensive history of political studies. This study used historical methods, which utilize written sources in the form of memoirs from family members, newspapers and contemporary magazines, as well as interviews with Aidit’s third child. The results of the study show that Aidit was influenced by his religious and cultural Belitung background. Spirit of religiosity gives birth to the nature of hard work, discipline and militancy. Belitung also became an early political laboratory for Aidit to cultivate a sense of sympathy for the oppressed. The experience of Aidit’sassociation with fishermen and tin workers has led his way of thinking. The days of Aidit in Belitung made him a hard worker, a lover of freedom, and a person who never gave up. This is reflected in his fondness with the world of commerce and books. The social capital he has had as an experience to understand Jakarta, and his passion for the world of commerce and knowledge brought him to Jakarta. However, the condition of Jakarta when Aidit came did not allow him to become a normal student. The occupation of Japan and the option of becoming a political activist for Indonesian independence was Aidit’s political education until his struggle with the PKI after the proclamation of independence had been declared.
|Title of host publication||Dissecting History and Problematizing the Past in Indonesia|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2021|
- Indonesian communist party