Recurrent Stroke among Patients at Indonesia's National Brain Center Hospital: Contributing Factors

Lami Trisetiawati, Popy Yuniar, Besral

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This study aims to determine the risk of recurrent stroke among patients at the Indonesian national brain center (Rumah Sakit Pusat Otak Nasional, or RSPON) who have suffered a first stroke. In this retrospective study, all the patients who were selected had had their first stroke in 2014. The Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox regression methods of data analysis were utilized. The results show that the average survival period after stroke recurrence is 38 months, with the median being 25 months. Age, hypertension, obesity, and irregular control are the variables that play a key role in the recurrence of strokes. Stroke patients who did not control their conditions regularly after the first attack had an 8.7 times higher risk of stroke recurrence. The incidence of recurrent stroke before 15 months was higher in those who were overweight or obese (HR = 1.96 and 3.38), and those who had developed pre-hypertension (HR = 2.26). Additionally, at observation after 15 months, levels of grade 1 and 2 hypertension in the cohort were higher (HR = 2.86 and 2.07). To reduce the risk of recurrent stroke, there is a need for stroke prevention via routine medical examinations at clinics and community stroke seminars to raise awareness of the risks. In addition, the establishment of a stroke community association in each region is recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventThe 2nd International Meeting of Public Health 2016 (IMOPH) - ID, Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Jan 2018 → …


ConferenceThe 2nd International Meeting of Public Health 2016 (IMOPH)
Period1/01/18 → …


  • Hypertension, recurrent stroke, irregular control, survival analysis.


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