Real-Time Human Detection and Tracking Using Two Sequential Frames for Advanced Driver Assistance System

Agus Mulyanto, Rohmat Indra Borman, Purwono Prasetyawan, Wisnu Jatmiko, Petrus Mursanto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Real-time human detecting and tracking is an important task in Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) especialy in providing an information about situation in front of vehicle. Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) is one algorithm that is widely applied to classify and detect objects. CNN has shown an impressive performance. However, the high computation of Deep CNN makes the algorithm difficult to be applied to the real ADAS system. Since 2014, the One-stage Detector approach such as SSD and YOLO began to be applied on devices with low computation. In this experiment, we present a real-time system for the detection and the tracking of humans (pedestrians, cyclists, and riders) for the ADAS system implemented in Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Plus. The object detection approach in this study applies the SSD framework, and the tracking human movements approach is done by calculating the movement of midpoint coordinates from bounding box objects from two sequenced frames. The result shows the realtime human detection and tracking on Raspberry Pi 3 B devices with input frame with a height 300 and a width 300 runs at 0.8 FPS with 77.6 percent processor consumption and 70.3 percent memory. Therefore, the use of Raspberry Pi 3 B Plus for human detection and tracking in ADAS systems is not suitable for the vehicle speeds above 50 Km per hour when runs at 0.8 FPS. Then the tracking system based on the coordinate movement of the midpoint bounding box has a problem when there is a bounding box overlapping or slicing each other.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICICOS 2019 - 3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationAccelerating Informatics and Computational Research for Smarter Society in The Era of Industry 4.0, Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728146102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
Event3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences, ICICOS 2019 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Oct 201930 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameICICOS 2019 - 3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences: Accelerating Informatics and Computational Research for Smarter Society in The Era of Industry 4.0, Proceedings

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences, ICICOS 2019
CountryIndonesia
CitySemarang
Period29/10/1930/10/19

Keywords

  • human detection
  • human tracking
  • raspberry pi 3 b plus
  • ssd
  • two sequential frames

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    Mulyanto, A., Borman, R. I., Prasetyawan, P., Jatmiko, W., & Mursanto, P. (2019). Real-Time Human Detection and Tracking Using Two Sequential Frames for Advanced Driver Assistance System. In ICICOS 2019 - 3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences: Accelerating Informatics and Computational Research for Smarter Society in The Era of Industry 4.0, Proceedings [8982396] (ICICOS 2019 - 3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences: Accelerating Informatics and Computational Research for Smarter Society in The Era of Industry 4.0, Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICICoS48119.2019.8982396