Rational antimicrobial use in an intensive care unit in Jakarta, Indonesia: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study

Luciana, Retnosari Andrajati, Alfina Rianti, Amer Hayat Khan

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the rationality of antimicrobial usage and factors influencing it over the period of January to December 2010 in Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. Methods: Present study was conducted in the intensive care unit of Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. Gyssens method was used to assess the rationality of antimicrobial use. Data for this retrospective, cross-sectional study were drawn from patients’ medical record files. Multivariate analysis with ordinal logistic regression was used to determine the dominant factors affecting the appropriateness of antimicrobial use. Results: Data for 410 patients from the intensive care unit (ICU) was collected. There were 912 antimicrobial regimens prescribed for these patients. Based on Gyssens method, 805 antimicrobial regimens were empirical and 107 definitive. Of the empirical regimens, 596 (74.03 %) were inappropriate, while of the definitive regimens, 84 (78.51 %) were inappropriate. Site of infection, comorbid conditions and economic status of patients were the main factors that influenced the appropriateness of antimicrobial treatment choice. Conclusion: A higher degree of irrational use of antimicrobial agents occurs in the ICU of the hospital studied, this can lead to increase in the burden of disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-714
Number of pages8
JournalTropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Empirical treatment
  • Gyssens method
  • Intensive care
  • Rational use

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