Quantity of the antigens of Streptococcus mutans serotype e and Candida albicans and its correlation with the salivary flow rate in early childhood caries

Endang Winiati Bachtiar, Vanya A. Kusuma, Ferry P. Gultom, Retno D. Soejoedono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus mutans involved in caries pathogenesis is classified into four serotypes, namely serotypes c, e, f, and k. Candida albicans can be found in the plaque of children with early childhood caries (ECC). Aims: The aim of this study was to analyze the quantity of the antigens of S. mutans serotype e and C. albicans and its correlation with the salivary flow rate in ECC. Materials and Methods: The antigen quantities of caries plaque samples and caries-free were determined using an enzyme-linked immunoassay with 450-nm optical density. Results: There was a significant difference between the quantity of S. mutans serotype e and C. albicans antigens in each salivary flow rate category (P < 0.05). The relationship between the antigen quantity of S. mutans serotype e and C. albicans was r = 0.624 (P > 0.05) for caries plaque samples and r = 0.628 (P > 0.05) for caries-free samples. Conclusion: the antigen quantities of S. mutans serotype e and C. albicans and the salivary flow rate might correlate to the pathogenesis of ECC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Research in Medical Sciences
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Candida albicans
  • dental plaque
  • early childhood caries
  • flow rate
  • saliva
  • serotype
  • Streptococcus mutans

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