Psychometric analysis of the european medical risk-related history questionnaire within Indonesian-speaking population

Yuniardini Septorini Wimardhani, Anzany Tania Dwi Putri Baringbing, Gus Permana Subita, Luzi Abraham-Inpijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Medical complications during dental treatment are increasingly anticipated because advances in medical treatment have prolonged life expectancy. Therefore, a thorough analysis of medical history data to assess the medical risks that may occur before, during, and after dental procedures is required. The European Medical Risk-Related History (EMRRH) questionnaire has been used in 10 European countries to detect medical problems and determine the risks of complications. However, no similar questionnaire has been developed for Indonesian patients. This study aimed to develop an Indonesian version of the EMRRH questionnaire and analyze its psychometric properties. Materials and Methods: The EMRRH questionnaire was utilized and processed for cross-cultural adaptation according to the Beaton guidelines. The final version was used after completing all of the steps of cross-cultural adaptation. The psychometric property analysis was performed by measuring the validity, reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of the questionnaire in 172 dental patients using cross-sectional survey at the National Drug Rehabilitation Center. Results: The content validity was first measured by an internist and anesthesiologist, and the coefficient was 0.91. The construct validity assessment revealed significant associations for five of six global questions (P 0.05). Cronbach's alpha coefficient for internal consistency was 0.790. The test-retest reliability results were excellent based on reevaluation in 17 patients (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.846), including sensitivity and specificity values of 69.31% and 92.2%, respectively. Conclusion: The Indonesian version of the EMRRH questionnaire is valid, reliable, sensitive, and specific for this population. Further study to explore its use in larger Indonesian populations is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-469
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019


  • Indonesia
  • medical history
  • medical risk
  • validation


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