Prototyping personal health records for type 2 diabetes mellitus prevention

Berly Nisa Srimayarti, Kemal N. Siregar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the four most prioritized non-communicable diseases (NCD) in the world. The global diabetes prevalence increases every year, with type 2 diabetes as the highest contributor. Based on Indonesian Basic Health Research, the type 2 diabetes prevalence for the age group >15 years was 5.7% in 2007, increased to 6.9% in 2013, and reached 8.5% in 2018. Around 70% of people with type 2 diabetes are often unaware of their illness, and 25% of them only realize their condition once they experience complications of diabetes. The purpose of this study is to design a prototype personal health record (PHR), which could help prevent and control the risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method: The method followed the systems development life cycle (SDLC), using the rapid application development (RAD) approach with prototyping techniques. Results: This prototype provides information regarding diabetes, a main menu for users, medical history data collection, scoring of risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus, and health recommendations in the form of text and videos. Conclusions: This Android-based PHR could be developed further as tool for the prevention of and control of risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus. This tool aims to give a dependable prediction of type 2 diabetes mellitus occurrence in the community. This user-friendly application, with its simple design and interface, could encourage users to improve their behavior toward a healthier lifestyle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1862-1867
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


  • Healthy behaviors
  • Personal health record
  • Prevention
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus


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