Protein and Energy Supplements for the Elderly

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The proportion of elderly individuals is rising globally, and data have shown that as high as 8% of the elderly community suffer from malnutrition. Protein energy malnutrition has shown to elevate morbidity and mortality risk in the elderly; therefore, protein and energy supplement are needed for the elderly populations to create healthy conditions. This chapter describes about general structure of protein, protein turnover, amino acid metabolism including metabolism in the elderly, protein change in aging, supplementation of amino acid as well as vitamin and mineral for the elderly. The discussion in this section aims to provide a general description of protein, amino acids, changes in amino acid metabolism in the elderly, and the benefits of supplementing amino acids as well as vitamins and minerals for the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSubcellular Biochemistry
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages31
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameSubcellular Biochemistry
ISSN (Print)0306-0225


  • Amino acid
  • Elderly
  • Metabolism
  • Mineral
  • Protein
  • Supplementation
  • Vitamin


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