Protection effect of Acalypha indica L. extract versus combination of Acalypha indica L.- gemfibrosil against fatty renal induced high-fructose and fat diets in rats

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Abstract

Modern foods in the world today use high-fructose sweeteners with high-fat foods increases the risk of metabolic syndrome. Fatty organs such as the renal can occur in the metabolic syndrome that causes renal tissue damage. The extract from the Acalypha indica L. plant, a traditional plant from Asia, allegedly has a protective effect against tissue damage to fatty organs such as the liver. This study aims to examine the protective effect of Acalypha indica L. extract on fatty renal in rats. Twenty-five male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups. Four treatment groups were induced with high-fructose and fat diet for 4 weeks were then treated with aquadest (control), standard gemfibrozil drug, Acalypha indica L. extract, and a combination of both drugs in each group for 4 weeks. The variables measured were the circumference of the glomerulus, tubular circumference, and tubular diameter of the renal. Significant differences (p < 0.05; 95% CI) were only found in tubular circumferential variables between rats with Acalypha indica L. therapy (146.02±3.46) and control (169.36±18.74) groups. However, combination of gemfibrozil and Acalypha indica L. extract was shown to share similar characteristics with the control (162.34±7.77 vs 169.36±18.74) group. This study indicates that protection effect of Acalypha indica L. extract was better than combination of Acalypha indica L. extract and gemfibrozil on fatty renal in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2018
EditorsPraswasti P.D.K. Wulan, Misri Gozan, Sotya Astutiningsih, Ghiska Ramahdita, Radon Dhelika, Prasetyanugraheni Kreshanti
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2019
Event3rd International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2018 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Aug 20188 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2092
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2018
CountryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period6/08/188/08/18

Keywords

  • Acalypha indica L.
  • fatty renal
  • gemfibrozil
  • high-fructose and fat diets

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