Prostaglandin E2 inhibits spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in rat supraoptic neurones via presynaptic EP receptors

Nurhadi Ibrahim, Izumi Shibuya, N. Kabashima, S. V. Sutarmo, Y. Ueta, H. Yamashita

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) has been implicated in the excitatory regulation of magnocellular neurones in the supraoptic nucleus (SON). We have recently reported that PGE2 excited SON neurones by directly activating postsynaptic PGE2 receptors (EP receptors) of a subclass other than EP1-3, but did not affect excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs). In the present study, we examined presynaptic effects of PGE2 on rat SON neurones by measuring spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) by a slice patch-clamp technique. PGE2 inhibited spontaneous IPSCs in a dose-dependent and reversible manner. PGE2 selectively suppressed the frequency of IPSCs without affecting the amplitude of IPSCs in the presence of tetrodotoxin, a blocker of Na+ channels, indicating that the effects were presynaptic. The inhibitory effects of PGE2 on the frequency of IPSCs were mimicked by the EP1/EP3 agonists, 17PT-PGE2 and sulprostone, and the EP2/EP3 agonist, misoprostol, whereas the EP2 agonist, butaprost, or the FP agonist, fluprostenol, had little effect. The effects of PGE2 on IPSCs were unaffected by the selective EP1 antagonist, SC-51322. They were unaffected also by antagonists of GABA(B) and α2 adrenergic receptors, which are present at presynaptic terminals of GABA neurones in the SON and cause suppression of spontaneous IPSCs. The inhibitor of PG synthesis, indomethacin, had little effect on spontaneous IPSCs and on the inhibitory effects of PGE2 as well as of the GABA(B) agonist, baclofen, and noradrenaline. These results suggest that PGE2 inhibits release of GABA from the GABAergic terminals innervating SON neurones by activating presynaptic EP receptors, presumably of the EP3 subclass, and that such a presynaptic mechanism may play a role in the excitatory regulation of SON neurones by PGE2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-886
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • EP receptors
  • IPSCs
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Supraoptic neurones


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