Children with intellectual disability (ID) have deficits in their cognitive and adaptive function. One of the important skills of adaptive function which need to be mastered is dressing up, especially wearing buttoned clothes. However, the limitations possessed by children with ID make them always in need of help from others. Based on this condition, it is necessary to provide interventions to improve the skill of buttoning clothes on children with ID. Using single case A-B design, this study evaluates whether behavior modification intervention improve the clothes buttoning skill of a 9-year-old child with moderate ID. The intervention used prompting technique, namely most-to-least prompting accompanied with the provision of positive reinforcement. Prompt techniques expected to be effective in enhancing dressing upskills; additionally, positive reinforcement was also used to keep the child motivated during the intervention sessions. The results showed an increasing trend on mastery of buttoning skill, decreasing trend for prompt intensity, and immediacy of effect influenced by intervention. The results proves that prompting and positive reinforcement technique was effective for improving the child's ability in buttoning clothes independently.
|Journal||Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2018|
- positive reinforcement
- buttoning clothes