The study compared the techno-economic performance of two CO2 separation technologies from high CO2-content natural gas, membrane and controlled freeze zone (CFZ) separation, for liquefied natural gas (LNG) production integrated CO2 sequestration. Process and economic performances of both technologies are compared based on process simulation and levelized costs, respectively. The process simulation was performed by using Aspen Hysys V11 software. The process performance results show that the CFZ-based separation process gives CO2 capture of 99.47% and hydrocarbon recovery of 95.40%. The results show better performance compared to the membrane-based with CO2 capture of 95.78% and 92.92% of hydrocarbon recovery. The LNG production process with feed gas from CFZ required 431.92 kWh/tonne-LNG, which is also a better performance than with feed gas from the membrane of 453.93 kWh/ton-LNG. From an economic perspective, the total levelized cost of LNG production, without the CO2 sequestration, is 10.27 US$/MMBtu for the CFZ-based and 8.95 US$/MMBtu for the membrane-based. Adding the CO2 sequestration process raises the total levelized cost of LNG production to 14.67 US$/MMBtu (CFZ) and 13.12 US$/MMBtu (membrane). Therefore, the East Natuna gas field's development has challenges in cost associated with bulk CO2 separation and sequestration to monetize the resources' potential.
- CO Sequestration
- Natural Gas