Problems and solution of malabsorption syndrome in Indonesia

Suharjono, Sunoto, Aswitha D.Budiarso, T. S. Pusponegoro, W. A. Tumbelaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In most developing countries like Indonesia, problems of malabsorption syndrome are commonly related with: 1) gastroenteritis; 2) protein calorie malnutrition (PCM); 3) low birthweight and post bowel surgery; and 4) infection or parasite of the small bowel in the malnourished child. Two factors which cause sugar intolerance in Indonesian children are the high incidence of gastroenteritis and PCM, and being unused to drink milk after weaning. The presence of overgrowth of bacteria in the malnourished child can cause sugar intolerance indirectly through gastroenteritis. The high incidence of PCM, LBW and gastroenteritis in Indonesian children also result in a high incidence of fat malabsorption. Management of malabsorption syndrome in diarrheal children with or without malnutrition include: 1) correction of fluid and electrolyte imbalance; 2) treatment of predisposing condition; and 3) temporary withdrawal of any lactose in the diet or giving lactose low formula, beside MCT (medium chain triglycerides) or UFA (unsaturated fatty acids). The 1st choice in treating fat malabsorption is the use of MCT in the milk formula; the 2nd choice is UFA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-16
Number of pages6
JournalPaediatrica Indonesiana
Volume18
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1978

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