Probiotics lactobacillus reuteri dsm 17938 and lactobacillus casei crl 431 modestly increase growth, but not iron and zinc status, among indonesian children aged 1-6 years

Rina Agustina, Ingeborg M.J. Bovee-Oudenhoven, Widjaja Lukito, Umi Fahmida, Ondine Van De Rest, Michael B. Zimmermann, Agus Firmansyah, Ratna Wulanti, Ruud Albers, Ellen G.H.M. Van Den Heuve, Frans J. Kok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Probiotics andmilk calcium may increase resistance to intestinal infection, but their effect on growth and iron and zinc status of Indonesian children is uncertain. We investigated the hypotheses that cow milk with added probiotics would improve growth and iron and zinc status of Indonesian children, whereas milk calcium alone would improve growth but reduce iron and zinc status. A 6-mo randomized trial was conducted in low-socioeconomic urban communities of Jakarta. Healthy children (n= 494) were randomly assigned to receive low-lactose milk with a low calcium content of ̃50 mg/d (LC; n = 124), a regular calcium content of ̃440 mg/d (RC group; n = 126), regular calcium with 5 × 108 CFU/d Lactobacillus casei CRL 431 (casei; n = 120), or regular calcium with 5 × 108 CFU/d Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 (reuteri; n = 124). Growth, anemia, and iron and zinc status were assessed before and after the intervention. Compared with the RC group, the reuteri group had significantly greater weight gain [0.22 (95% CI: 0.02, 0.42) kg], weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ) changes [0.09 (95% CI: 0.01, 0.17)], and monthly weight [0.03 (95%CI: 0.002, 0.05) kg/mo] and height [0.03 (95%CI: 0.01, 0.05) cm/mo] velocities. Casei significantly increased monthly weight velocity [0.03 (95% CI: 0.001, 0.05) kg/mo], but not height. However, the changes in underweight, stunting,anemia prevalence, and iron and zinc status were similar between groups. In conclusion, L. reuteriDSM 17938 modestly improved growth by increasing weight gain,WAZ changes, andweight and height velocity,whereas L. casei CRL 431 modestly improved weight velocity. Independent from probiotics supplementation, regular milk calcium did not affect growth or iron and zinc status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-1193
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume143
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013

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