Prevention of HIV Transmission from Mother to Child: Challenges to the Successful Program Implementation and Practice in Indonesia

Kemal Nazaruddin Siregar, Laily Hanifah, Rikawarastuti, Lely Wahyuniar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The level of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission from mother to child in Indonesia ranks first worldwide. Newborn babies in Indonesia are at greater risk of experiencing the burden of HIV infection than babies born in other countries. Objectives: To explore the full extent of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) in South Sulawesi Province in 2020 and to discuss program and policy implications for PMTCT. Methods: This is a health system analysis study with a qualitative approach using focus group discussion, in-depth interviews, and observations in primary health centers and hospitals. Results: There is no local policy and guidelines for PMTCT programs and services; the coverage of HIV testing in pregnant women has not achieved 100% according to the target. There are limitations to human resources in public and private services to conduct the program. The assistance’s activities to ensure antiretroviral (ARV) adherence are limited, and HIV-positive women faced stigma and discrimination, not only from the community but also from health workers. Recommendations: Some recommendations are to improve the HIV test coverage to 100% in pregnant women as well as the coverage and quality of ARV treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • ART
  • HIV
  • PMTCT
  • prevention
  • women

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