Prevention-intervention strategies to reduce exposure to e-waste

Michelle Heacock, Brittany Trottier, Sharad Adhikary, Kwadwo Ansong Asante, Nil Basu, Marie Noel Brune, Jack Caravanos, David Carpenter, Danielle Cazabon, Paromita Chakraborty, Aimin Chen, Fernando DIaz Barriga, Bret Ericson, Julius Fobil, Budi Haryanto, Xia Huo, T. K. Joshi, Philip Landrigan, Adeline Lopez, Frederico MagaliniPanida Navasumrit, Antonio Pascale, Sankar Sambandam, Upik Sitti Aslia Kamil, Leith Sly, Peter Sly, Ann Suk, Inoka Suraweera, Ridwan Tamin, Elena Vicario, William Suk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


As one of the largest waste streams, electronic waste (e-waste) production continues to grow in response to global demand for consumer electronics. This waste is often shipped to developing countries where it is disassembled and recycled. In many cases, e-waste recycling activities are conducted in informal settings with very few controls or protections in place for workers. These activities involve exposure to hazardous substances such as cadmium, lead, and brominated flame retardants and are frequently performed by women and children. Although recycling practices and exposures vary by scale and geographic region, we present case studies of e-waste recycling scenarios and intervention approaches to reduce or prevent exposures to the hazardous substances in e-waste that may be broadly applicable to diverse situations. Drawing on parallels identified in these cases, we discuss the future prevention and intervention strategies that recognize the difficult economic realities of informal e-waste recycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-228
Number of pages10
JournalReviews on Environmental Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2018


  • electronic recycling
  • electronic waste (e-waste)
  • environmental health
  • global health
  • intervention
  • prevention


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