Prevalence study of sun protection behaviors / practices in several representative population samples in Indonesia

Yoshiyuki Ohno, Joedo Prihartono, Masamitsu Ichihashi, Setyawati Budiningsih, Mochtar Hamzah, Santoso Comain, Masato Ueda, Mpu Kanoko, Evert Poetiray, Nobuo Munakata, Herman Cipto, Achmad Tjarta, Arman Mukhtar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), which is rather common and worldwide, is considered to be mostly preventable by simple behavioral change. This initiated the authors to propose a prevalence .study of sun protection behaviors/ practices among several representatives population samples in Indonesia. This prevalence study inessential for providing the prerequisite data to calculate the preventable proportion, i.e. population attributable risk percentage (PARP), of NMSC in Indonesia. The PARP can be obtained by concomitantly inserting the proportion of those practicing each sun protection behavior and its odds ratios for NMSC. which are to be clarified by our ongoing case-control study, into the calculation formula, as described in detail in the second section of this communication. Before we can obtain the country and ethnic group-specific preventable proportion of NMSC by each sun protection behavior/practice in Indonesia, we introduced 10 simples tips to help cut the risk of developing skin cancer, which were recommended in the United States, since they are also considered to be, in part, useful for Indonesians as tentative guidelines for NMSC prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-117
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Indonesia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2000


  • Indonesia
  • Non-melanoma skin cancer
  • Prevalence
  • Preventable proportion
  • Sun-protection behavior


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