Prevalence of kidney dysfunction in diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors among productive age Indonesian

Laurentia Mihardja, Delima Delima, Roy G.A. Massie, Muhammad Karyana, Pringgodigdo Nugroho, Em Yunir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in Indonesia due to population growth, urbanization, and lifestyle. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease that escalates mortality rate, but not all DM develop into chronic kidney disease. Aims: To estimate the prevalence of kidney dysfunction (KD) in DM and the associated dominant risk factors among productive age Indonesian based on the National Health Survey (Riskesdas) 2013. Methods: The statistical data consisted of 15,791 females and 10,349 males, aged 20 to 54, who lived in rural and urban areas. The data was obtained from National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD), Ministry of Health. Data were collected from 33 provinces using cross sectional method. The variables data analyzed were sociodemographic, lifestyle, anthropometric, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood glucose, and creatinine. Kidney dysfunction was defined according to Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the dominant associated risk factors. Results: The prevalence of KD in DM was 4% (CI 95% 3.1–5.1) and only 0.6% had been diagnosed. Many associated risk factors could affect DM leading to KD such as age, sex, rural, economic status, sugary food/drinks, salty food, coffee, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, low HDL, high LDL, and hypertriglyceridemia. The dominant associated risk factors were age, sex, economic status, sugary food/drinks, and low HDL. Conclusion: The prevalence of KD in DM among productive age Indonesian was 4% and only 0.6% had been diagnosed. Early detection of identification of KD in DM is needed in order to slow progression and complications. The dominant associated risk factors of KD in DM were age, sex, economic status, sugary food/drinks, and low HDL. Controlling of risk factors in DM should be done in order to prevent diabetic kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Kidney dysfunction
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of kidney dysfunction in diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors among productive age Indonesian'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this