Prevalence of diabetes among suburban population of Ternate--a small remote island in the eastern part of Indonesia.

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Abstract

to study the prevalence of diabetes in a sub-urban population of one of the less developed provinces in eastern part of Indonesia and its associated risk factors. a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2008 in adult population of TernateCityof North Moluccas Province, Indonesia, aged 20 years or more. Subjects were interviewed regarding diabetes risk factors by a standard questionnaire.Anthropometric (height, weight, waist and hip circumference) and blood pressure measurements were also taken. Diagnosis of diabetes was established by measuring overnight fasting capillary blood glucose with a glucose meter. Venous blood was also drawn for blood lipid profiling. 495 subjects consisted of 187 (37.8%) men and 308 (62.2%) women aged 20 to 84 years (mean age 47.30±12.78)were enrolled. Prevalence of diabetes (fasting blood glucose >126 mg/dL) was 19.6%. Four independent risk factors were identified, i.e. age at 45 years or older (OR=4.1, 95% CI = 2.4-7.1), having a positive family history (OR=2.4, 95% CI=1.5-4.0), a body mass index more than 23 kg/m2 (OR=1.8, 95% CI=1.02-3.3) and triglycerides levels more than 200 mg/dL (OR=2.6, 95% CI=1.2-5.6). the prevalence of diabetes in Ternate City, a sub-urban population in the eastern part of Indonesia is high. Having a family history of diabetes and being older are major risk factors of developing the disease. Metabolic factors are identified as the potential modifiable risk factors requiring intervention in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalActa medica Indonesiana
Volume43
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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