Preparation of cellulose/CaO-Fe2O3 nanocomposites as catalyst for fatty acid methyl ester production

H. Helmiyati, I. Masriah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, nanocomposites cellulose/CaO-γ-Fe2O3 was successfully synthesized by utilizing egg shell waste as the source of CaO and rice straw as the source of nanocellulose biopolymer and the results were supported by FTIR, XRD and FESEM characterizations. XRD characterization shows that the nano crystal size of CaO-γ-Fe2O3 composite around 58.14 nm was obtained attached on the surface of cellulose and supported by the FESEM surface morphology. Nanocomposites of cellulose/CaO-γ-Fe2O3 was used as catalyst for the synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters from coconut oil through transesterification reaction with methanol. The optimal conditions were obtained 3.6 wt.% catalyst, methanol to oil ratio of 12:1 at 60 °C get the conversion around 89.20 %. Nanocomposites of metal oxide supported by biopolymer have the potential which promising as catalysts in the future and one of them for conversion of coconut oil into fatty acid methyl ester biodiesel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2018
EditorsTerry Mart, Djoko Triyono, Ivandini T. Anggraningrum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019
Event4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201831 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2168
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period30/10/1831/10/18

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • cellulose
  • egg shell
  • nanocomposites
  • rice straw

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Preparation of cellulose/CaO-Fe2O3 nanocomposites as catalyst for fatty acid methyl ester production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this