Preparation of Cell-Seeded Heart Patch In Vitro; Co-Culture of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell and Cardiomyocytes in Amnion Bilayer Patch

Normalina Sandora, Muhammad Arza Putra, Pribadi Wiranda Busro, Ardiansyah, Chaidar Muttaqin, William Makdinata, Nur Amalina Fitria, Tyas Rahmah Kusuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the second killer across the globe, while coronary disease is the major cause. Cell therapy is one alternative to regenerate the infarcted heart wall. Materials and Methods: In this study, the cardiomyogenesis capacity of human adipose stem cells (hAdSC) and human cardiomyocytes (hCardio) cultured in a 3-D biological scaffold (decellularised amnion bilayer) for nine days in a static condition was investigated. The cardiomyogenesis capacity of hAdSC were identified using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. The population of the cells isolated from the heart tissue expressed cTnT-1 (13.38 ± 11.38%), cKit (7.85 ± 4.2%), ICAM (85.53 ± 8.69%), PECAM (61.63 ± 7.18%) and VCAM (35.9 ± 9.11%), while from the fat tissue expressed the mesenchymal phenotypes (CD73, CD90, CD105, but not CD45, CD34, CD11b, CD19 and HLA-DR). Two age groups of hAdSC donors were compared, the youngsters (30-40yo) and the elderly (60–70 yo). Results: The co-culture showed that after 5-day incubation, the seeded graft in the hAdSC-30 group had a tube-like appearance while the hAdSC-60 group demonstrated a disorganised pattern, despite of the MSC expressions of the hAdSC-60 were significantly higher. Initial co-culture showed no difference of ATP counts among all groups, however the hAdSC-30 group had the highest ATP count after 9 days culture (p = 0.004). After normalising to the normal myocardium, only the hAdSC-60 group expressed cTnT and MHC, very low, seen during the initial cultivation, but then disappeared. Meanwhile, the hAdSC-30 group expressed α-actinin, MHC and cTnT in the Day-5. The PPAR also was higher in the Day-5 compared to the Day-9 (p < 0.005). Conclusion: Cardiomyogenesis capacity of hAdSC co-cultured with hCardio in a 3-D scaffold taken from the 30–40yo donor showed better morphology and viability than the 60-70yo group, but maintained less than 5 days in this system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalCardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • 3-D scaffold
  • Amnion bilayer
  • Human adipose stem cells
  • Human cardiomyocytes
  • Myocardial infarction

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