Preparation of Cell-Seeded Heart Patch In Vitro; Co-Culture of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell and Cardiomyocytes in Amnion Bilayer Patch

Normalina Sandora, Muhammad Arza Putra, Pribadi Wiranda Busro, Ardiansyah, Chaidar Muttaqin, William Makdinata, Nur Amalina Fitria, Tyas Rahmah Kusuma

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Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the second killer across the globe, while coronary disease is the major cause. Cell therapy is one alternative to regenerate the infarcted heart wall. Materials and Methods: In this study, the cardiomyogenesis capacity of human adipose stem cells (hAdSC) and human cardiomyocytes (hCardio) cultured in a 3-D biological scaffold (decellularised amnion bilayer) for nine days in a static condition was investigated. The cardiomyogenesis capacity of hAdSC were identified using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. The population of the cells isolated from the heart tissue expressed cTnT-1 (13.38 ± 11.38%), cKit (7.85 ± 4.2%), ICAM (85.53 ± 8.69%), PECAM (61.63 ± 7.18%) and VCAM (35.9 ± 9.11%), while from the fat tissue expressed the mesenchymal phenotypes (CD73, CD90, CD105, but not CD45, CD34, CD11b, CD19 and HLA-DR). Two age groups of hAdSC donors were compared, the youngsters (30-40yo) and the elderly (60–70 yo). Results: The co-culture showed that after 5-day incubation, the seeded graft in the hAdSC-30 group had a tube-like appearance while the hAdSC-60 group demonstrated a disorganised pattern, despite of the MSC expressions of the hAdSC-60 were significantly higher. Initial co-culture showed no difference of ATP counts among all groups, however the hAdSC-30 group had the highest ATP count after 9 days culture (p = 0.004). After normalising to the normal myocardium, only the hAdSC-60 group expressed cTnT and MHC, very low, seen during the initial cultivation, but then disappeared. Meanwhile, the hAdSC-30 group expressed α-actinin, MHC and cTnT in the Day-5. The PPAR also was higher in the Day-5 compared to the Day-9 (p < 0.005). Conclusion: Cardiomyogenesis capacity of hAdSC co-cultured with hCardio in a 3-D scaffold taken from the 30–40yo donor showed better morphology and viability than the 60-70yo group, but maintained less than 5 days in this system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalCardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • 3-D scaffold
  • Amnion bilayer
  • Human adipose stem cells
  • Human cardiomyocytes
  • Myocardial infarction


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