Preparation of a TiO2-based dye-sensitized solar cell comprising anthocyanin from mangosteen pericarp (Garcinia mangostana, L.) as the sensitizer: Co-pigmentation effect on sensitizer and solar cell efficiency

A. D. Zikri, J. Gunlazuardi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) is a device that converts solar energy into electric energy. In this study, TiO2, nanotubes (TiO2-NTs) sensitized with anthocyanin extracted from mangosteen pericarp (Garcinia mangostana L.) were used as part of a working electrode, whereas fluoride-doped tin oxide-platinum (FTO-Pt) was used as counter electrode. TiO2-NTs were grown on a titanium plate via a two-step anodization method. Pt from an H2PtCl6 solution was deposited on an FTO surface prepared by spray pyrolysis. The anthocyanin extract was co-pigmented with benzoic acid to increase the stability of the DSSC and its visible light absorbance. The TiO2 prepared by anodization was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectroscopy. Photocurrent evaluation using linear sweep voltammetry and multi pulse amperometry indicated that TiO2-NTs were activated by UV light. Sensitization with anthocyanin-benzoic acid increased TiO2-NT's response to visible light. The anthocyanin extract absorbed light in the visible region (400-600 nm), and as a result of its co-pigmentation with benzoic acid, absorbance increased. The efficiency of various DSSCs was evaluated, and data indicated that with sensitizers like anthocyanin alone or anthocyanin co-pigmented with benzoic acid at different ratios (1:0.5; 1:0.8; and 1:1 (v/w)) efficiency values were 0.2273 %, 0.2297 %, 0.2884 %, and 0.3709 %, respectively. The results indicate that the addition of benzoic acid to anthocyanin can improve DSSC performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012062
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1442
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2020
EventBasic and Applied Sciences Interdisciplinary Conference 2017, BASIC 2017 - , Indonesia
Duration: 18 Aug 201719 Aug 2017

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