Preparation, characterization, and formulation of solid lipid nanoparticles lotion from mulberry roots (Morus Alba L.)

Muhamad Wildan Nugraha, Raditya Iswandana, Mahdi Jufri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Tween 80 has been used as a solvent for the extraction of phenolic compounds because this surfactant has both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) have been developed to improve penetration through the skin layer. We investigated the efficacy of using the microwave-assisted micellar extraction (MAME) approach for extracting oxyresveratrol from Morus alba roots and also to develop an SLN lotion. Methods: The M. alba roots were extracted with Tween 80 in a microwave for 18 min, and the extract was used to develop SLN with different concentrations of glyceryl monostearate. The SLNs from M. alba root extracts were prepared by a high-speed homogenization technique (25,000 rpm for 15 min). The SLNs produced were characterized as per particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), and zeta potential. The SLNs with the best characteristics were used to formulate a lotion using a high-pressure homogenizer. Results: Extraction using MAME showed improved extraction efficiency. The oxyresveratrol concentration from the extract was 2.77%. The SLN with 2.5% glyceryl monostearate showed the optimum result, with a particle size of 130.20 nm, a PDI of 0.278, and a zeta potential of -21.8 mV. The SLN lotion exhibited a particle size of 285.9 nm and a PDI of 0.360. The SLN lotion also had good penetration, with a flux of 4.70 ng cm-2/h. Conclusion: MAME is an efficient method for extracting oxyresveratrol from M. alba roots. The SLN with 2.5% glyceryl monostearate exhibited the optimum characteristics, and the SLN lotion showed good characteristics, including skin penetration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-186
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Issue numberSpecial Issue 1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Microwave-assisted micellar extraction
  • Mulberry (morus alba) roots
  • Solid lipid nanoparticle


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