Preparation, Cellular Uptake, and Cytotoxic Evaluation of Remdesivir-Hydroxypropyl-ß-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complex

Saraswati Ramadhani Priyono, Sutriyo, Ratika Rahmasari

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Covid-19 was mainly treated by a broad-spectrum antiviral called Remdesivir. A truncated cone molecular structure of Hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin can enhance the solubility and cellular uptake of the poorly soluble drug's through biological membranes. This study aimed to synthesize, characterize, observe cellular uptake and evaluate the cytotoxicity of remdesivirhydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (RDV-HPßCD) inclusion complex. The RDV-HPßCD inclusion complex was synthesized by the solvent evaporation method. Furthermore, the inclusion complex characteristic was evaluated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry; particle size analyzer (PSA); Fourier infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR); X-ray diffraction (XRD); and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Further, fluorescence microscopy was used to evaluate the cellular uptake and 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used in the cytotoxicity study. In the UV-Vis spectrum, both the inclusion complex and pure remdesivir showed a maximum peak at 246 nm. The inclusion complex has a particle size of 1697 ± 738.02 nm with -22.4 ± 1.58 mV of zeta potential. Shifted FTIR spectrum, broad XRD peak, and broad DSC thermogram peak at 72.93 °C indicated the successful formation of the RDV-HPßCD inclusion complex. Furthermore, cellular uptake observation of RDV-HPßCD inclusion complex conjugated to FITC showed better intensity inside the Vero cell than pure remdesivir conjugated to FITC. Further, Inclusion complex showed higher cell viability than pure remdesivir at a certain concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-727
Number of pages11
JournalBiomedical and Pharmacology Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Cellular Uptake
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Hydroxypropyl-ß-Cyclodextrin
  • Inclusion Complex
  • MTT assay
  • Remdesivir


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