Preheating Influence on the Precipitation Microstructure, Mechanical and Corrosive Properties of Additively Built Al–Cu–Li Alloy Contrasted with Conventional (T83) Alloy

Frank Adjei-Kyeremeh, Yudha Pratesa, Xiao Shen, Wenwen Song, Iris Raffeis, Uwe Vroomen, Daniela Zander, Andreas Bührig-Polaczek

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the high strength and lightweight Al–Cu–Li alloy (AA2099) is considered in as-built and preheated conditions (440 °C, 460 °C, 480 °C, 500 °C, and 520 °C). The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) in situ preheating on precipitation microstructure, mechanical and corrosive properties of LPBF-printed AA2099 alloy compared to the conventionally processed and heat-treated (T83) alloy. It is shown that precipitations evolve with increasing preheating temperatures from predominantly globular Cu-rich phases at lower temperatures (as-built, 440 °C) to more plate and rod-like precipitates (460 °C, 480 °C, 500 °C and 520 °C). Attendant increase with increasing preheating temperatures are the amount of low melting Cu-rich phases and precipitation-free zones (PFZ). Hardness of preheated LPBF samples peaks at 480 °C (93.6 HV0.1), and declines afterwards, although inferior to the T83 alloy (168.6 HV0.1). Preheated sample (500 °C) shows superior elongation (14.1%) compared to the T83 (11.3%) but falls short in tensile and yield strength properties. Potentiodynamic polarization results also show that increasing preheating temperature increases the corrosion current density (Icorr) and corrosion rate. Indicated by the lower oxide resistance (Rox), the Cu-rich phases compromise the integrity of the oxide layer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4916
JournalMaterials
Volume16
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Al–Cu–Li
  • APT
  • corrosion
  • EBSD
  • lower oxide resistance
  • LPBF
  • microstructure
  • precipitation
  • preheating
  • SEM
  • T83
  • T

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