Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women: Drinking for Two?

Saptawati Bardosono, Clémentine Morin, Isabelle Guelinckx, Rizki Pohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The primary aim of this cross-sectional survey was to assess the total fluid intake (TFI; sum of drinking water and all other fluids) and the intake of water and all other types of beverages in a sample of pregnant and breastfeeding women representative of Java-Island, Indonesia. Therefore, 299 pregnant and 296 breastfeeding women completed a 7-day fluid-specific record. A secondary aim was to estimate the total water intake (TWI; sum of water from fluids and food moisture), and one 24-h recall was performed to determine water intake from food moisture. The median TFI of pregnant and breastfeeding women were 2,250 (1,800-2,800) and 2,360 (1,954-2,968) mL/day, respectively. The largest contributor to TFI was water (72 and 77% for pregnant/breastfeeding women, respectively). Pregnant women to the extent of 42% and 54% of breastfeeding women did not reach the adequate intake (AI) of water from fluids. In pregnant and breastfeeding women, the median water intake from foods was 592 and 613 mL/day, representing 21 and 20% of TWI. Concluding that a high proportion of the pregnant and breastfeeding subjects did not reach the AI of water from fluid, it seems important to put in place actions such as providing education materials and ensuring access to safe water. Moreover, future surveys should dedicate attention to the assessment of fluid intake and hydration status among pregnant and breastfeeding women in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Nutrition and Metabolism
Issue numberSuppl1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • 7-Day fluid record
  • Beverages
  • Breastfeeding
  • Fluid intake
  • Hydration
  • Indonesia
  • Pregnant
  • Water intake from foods


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