Pregnancy and uterine anomalies

Azen Salim, Noroyono Wibowo, Wiku Andonotopo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Congenital uterine malformations are known to have a higher incidence of infertility, repeated first trimester spontaneous miscarriages, fetal intrauterine growth restriction, fetal malposition, preterm labor, retained placenta and increased cesarean section rate. The actual incidence of uterine malformation is unknown, since many women do not have any symptoms. They are estimated to occur in 0.4% (0.1-3%) of the general population and in 4% of infertile women, and in patients with repeated spontaneous miscarriages the figures fluctuate between 3 and 38%. The discrepancy among different publications stems from their use of different diagnostic techniques, heterogenous population samples and clinical diversity of Mullerian anomalies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-191
Number of pages5
JournalDonald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Pregnancy
  • Uterine malformation


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