Predictors of advanced fibrosis in elderly patients with biopsy-confirmed nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: The GOASIA study

Panyavee Pitisuttithum, Wah Kheong Chan, Panida Piyachaturawat, Kento Imajo, Atsushi Nakajima, Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Satoru Kakizaki, Jian Gao Fan, Myeong Jun Song, Seung Kew Yoon, Yock Young Dan, Laurentius Lesmana, Khek Yu Ho, Khean Lee Goh, Vincent Wai Sun Wong, Sombat Treeprasertsuk

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The Gut and Obesity in Asia (GOASIA) Workgroup was formed to study obesity and gastrointestinal diseases in the Asia Pacific region. We aimed to 1) compare the characteristics of elderly (i.e. age ≥ 60) vs. non-elderly patients with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); 2) identify predictors of advanced fibrosis in elderly patients with NAFLD; and 3) assess the performance of non-invasive fibrosis scores in the prediction of advance fibrosis in the elderly population. Methods: We abstracted the data of 1008 patients with NAFLD from nine centers across eight countries. Characteristics of elderly and non-elderly patients with NAFLD were compared using 1:3 sex-matched analysis. Results: Of the 1008 patients, 175 were elderly [age 64 (62-67) years], who were matched with 525 non-elderly patients [46 (36-54) years]. Elderly patients were more likely to have advanced fibrosis (35.4% vs. 13.3%; p < 0.001). By multivariable analysis, factors associated with advanced fibrosis in elderly patients included female sex [odds ratio (OR) 3.21; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-7.54] and hypertension (OR 3.68; 95%CI 1.11-12.23). The area under receiver-operating characteristics curve (95% CI) of aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, NAFLD fibrosis score and Fibrosis-4 index for predicting advanced fibrosis in elderly patients were 0.62 (0.52-0.72), 0.65 (0.55-0.75) and 0.64 (0.54-0.74) respectively. Conclusions: Elderly patients with NAFLD had a higher prevalence of advanced fibrosis than non-elderly patients. Female and hypertension were predicting factors for advanced fibrosis in the elderly. Non-invasive fibrosis scores had a lower specificity in elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number88
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Advanced fibrosis
  • Elderly patients
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

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