Precipitation Study of B30 Blended from FAME and/or HVO and Petro Diesel Fuel

Dieni Mansur, Muhammad Arifuddin Fitriady, Hari Setiapraja, Imam Paryanto, Nita Haspriyanti, Nurul Dela, Misri Gozan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Indonesia has planned for the implementation of B30 fuel in 2020, and as a consequence, a large-scale production of biodiesel from palm oil will be significantly increased in the country. In application as public transportation fuel, biodiesel quality and blending composition play an important role for the success of the implementation of B30 program. Indonesia consists of highlands and lowlands as urban areas that have different temperature regions varying from 12-35°C. Cold temperature could accelerate the formation of precipitate of B30 fuels. Samples of B30 fuels were made by blending biodiesel and/or hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO) with Euro 3 and Euro 4 petro diesel fuels. The precipitate composed of monoglycerol and FAME. Precipitation of the chemicals was caused by their higher melting point that crystallized and the solvency effect of petro diesel in cold temperature. It was found that the amount of precipitate formed in B30 blended from 30% FAME and 70% Euro 4 petro diesel fuel was the highest one. Therefore, the requirement for monoglycerol and moisture contents in biodiesel quality needed to be improved to avoid more precipitates formed in B30 fuel in cold temperature region.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSAE Technical Papers
Issue numberDecember
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2019
Event2019 JSAE/SAE Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants International Meeting, JSAE 2019 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 26 Aug 201929 Aug 2019

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