Globally, the number and proportion of aging increase sharply and continuously. The importance of aging as public health problem has attracted serious attention and support by United Nation as shown by its resolution No 46/ 1991, 16 December 1991, that recommends the countries all over the world to provide appropriate rights for aging people. In Indonesia, the number of aging people in 1970 (5,3 milions) increases 3 times higher in 2000 (17, 2 millions). In 2020, the number and proportion of aging population in Indonesia are predicted to be about 28 millions and 9,5%, respectively. The Indonesian legal aspect has placed aging people in respectful and honored position. But, the reality shows the opposite side where the aging people are eliminated and being in a dependent position. The legal aspect must able to deliver Indonesian aging community pass through the old age in a healthy, happy, productive and independent condition. But, without planned, serious, and continuous real actions, the aging people condition will become worst and worst. The increasing number and proportion of aging people, if not followed by quality improvement of health services tend to be serious social and public health problem. The numbers of already neglected and high risk of neglected aging people in Indonesia are about 3.274.100 and 5.102.800 persons, respectively. The aging people who are homeless and begging on street is 9.259 persons, and those suffered from abuse is 10.511 persons. In Indonesia, the aging people’s rights is only shown on regulation but it has not implemented yet.