Paper sludge contains potential as energy and fertilizer due to the high amount of C, N and P. The aims of this study were to investigate resource recovery potential through biogas production from paper sludge only and with cow manure as co-substrate for 30-45 days in batch anaerobic digestion reactor. In addition, the fertilizer potential from digestate was also tested in Vetiveria zizanioides. Co-digestion with cow manure yielded higher methane gas up to 380 CH4/g VS due to a more optimum C/N ratio. Vetiver plants grown on digestate relatively showed the high growth performance after 4 weeks. The heavy metal accumulation from digestate was still in tolerable amount since the growth rate was not significantly different with the plant grown in fertilizer. Therefore, resource recovery technology can be an option to recover C, N and P in paper sludge to achieve sustainable waste management.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2017|
- ananerobic digestion; biogas; fertilizer; paper sludge