Pore type-based carbonate reservoir characterization using rock physics modeling of "rF" field North Sumatera Basin

R. F. Harahap, A. Riyanto, M. W. Haidar

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Heterogeneity and Complexity are the main reasons why carbonate reservoirs offer a great challenge for its characterization compared to siliciclastic reservoirs. Carbonate reservoirs are known for its variable pore type and this variability can affect the Vp value up to 40 %. Pore type can vary depending on its depositional environment and diagenetic processes and these pore types are highly correlated with permeability. Differential Effective Medium is used to model the elastic modulus of effective medium that takes into account the effect of complexity of rock pore type. This complexity, in modeling, is divided into three geophysical pore types, which are stiff pore, interparticle pore, and microcrack. The resulting rock physics model is then used to calculate the value of Vs. Pore type inversion shows that the dominant pore types in this study area are interparticle and microcrack. The results of 1D modeling are then distributed to seismic volume to map the spatial distribution of pore type. Sensitivity analysis shows that acoustic impedance, shear impedance, and porosity have a good correlation with pore type. Therefore, Probabilistic Neural Network is used to distribute 1D pore type to seismic volume by using acoustic impedance, shear impedance, and porosity as a training data. The resulting volume is then used to interpret the zones with best permeability

Original languageEnglish
Article number012015
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2021
Event4th Life and Environmental Sciences Academics Forum, LEAF 2020 - Virtual, Online, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Nov 20207 Nov 2020


  • Carbonate reservoir characterization
  • differential effective medium
  • pore type
  • probabilistic neural network
  • rock physics Model


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