Polysulfone-polyvinyl pyrrolidone blend polymer composite membranes for batik industrial wastewater treatment

Arifina Febriasari, Huriya, Annisa Hasna Ananto, Meri Suhartini, Sutrasno Kartohardjono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Batik wastewater, in general, is colored and has high concentrations of BOD (biological oxygen demand), COD (chemical oxygen demand), and dissolved and suspended solids. Polysulfone (PSf)-based membranes with the addition of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) were prepared to treat batik industrial wastewater. PSf/PVP membranes were prepared using the phase inversion method with Nmethyl- 2 pyrrolidone (NMP) as the solvent. Based on the membrane characterization through FESEM, water contact angle, porosity, and mechanical tests showed a phenomenon where the addition of PVP provided thermodynamic and kinetic effects on membrane formation, thereby affecting porosity, thickness, and hydrophilicity of the membranes. The study aims to observe the effect of adding PVP on polysulfone membrane permeability and antifouling performance on a laboratory scale through the ultrafiltration (UF) process. With the addition of PVP, the operational pressure of the polysulfone membrane was reduced compared to that without PVP. Based on the membrane filtration results, the highest removal efficiencies of COD, TDS (total dissolved solid), and conductivity achieved in the study were 80.4, 84.6, and 83.6%, respectively, on the PSf/PVP 0.35 membrane operated at 4 bar. Moreover, the highest color removal efficiency was 85.73% on the PSf/PVP 0.25 operated at 5 bar. The antifouling performance was identified by calculating the value of total, reversible, and irreversible membrane fouling, wherein in this study, the membrane with the best antifouling performance was PSf/PVP 0.25.

Original languageEnglish
Article number66
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Antifouling performance
  • Batik wastewater treatment
  • Blend polymer composite
  • Polysulfone membrane
  • PVP


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