Places and causes of mismanaged plastic materials in the life cycle of flexible plastic packaging based on mechanical recycling context

Munzir Hadengganan, Djoko Sihono Gabriel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Plastic waste has become a big issue in the world for its large amount of plastic waste in the sea. Most of the plastic waste is plastic packaging which consists of flexible and rigid plastic packaging. This research discusses flexible plastic packaging. Until now, most researches on the loss of plastic materials discuss how to manage plastic waste disposal once it has been used by community: only a few discuss production cycle: while none of them discusses flexible plastic packaging area. This research aims to examine the number of mismanaged materials throughout flexible plastic packaging life cycle using a combination of Material Flow Analysis (MFA) and Life Cycle Analysis (LCA). Based on the literature review, interviews and observations conducted by the author to all stakeholders in the life cycle of flexible plastic packaging, mismanagement of plastic material occurred in each cycle, mostly caused by quality degradation of flexible plastic that could cause plastic waste was not acceptable in the mechanical recycle. The results of this study show that: (1) mismanaged material occurred in all cycles throughout the life cycles of flexible plastic packaging, (2) quality degradation is the main caused of mismanaged material in several cycles, and (3) the mismanaged materials in the life cycle of flexible plastic packaging were 98.29%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer Science and Engineering II
EditorsKatsuyuki Kida
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages129-138
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783035718294
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event4th International Conference on Composite Material, Polymer Science and Engineering, CMPSE 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 6 Dec 20207 Dec 2020

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume888 KEM
ISSN (Print)1013-9826
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9795

Conference

Conference4th International Conference on Composite Material, Polymer Science and Engineering, CMPSE 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/12/207/12/20

Keywords

  • Flexible plastic packaging
  • Material value conservation
  • Mismanaged plastic material
  • Waste management

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