Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of leaves and flowers extracts of mistletoe (Dendrophthoe pentandra (L.) Miq.), collected from UI Campus, Depok

L. Alharits, W. Handayani, Yasman, N. M. Hemelda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Indonesian Mistletoe, Dendrophthoe pentandra (L.) Miq., has been reported as a medicinal plant containing interesting pharmacologically bioactive compounds. However, the bioactive compounds of each part of the plant can be different. Thus, we investigated the chemical contents of two organs of D. pentandra (leaves and flowers) by various chemical reagent tests and compared the antioxidant activity of the two organs. Both leaves and flowers samples were extracted with methanol to yield crude extracts. The results showed that both extracts contained alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, and terpenoids. Quantitative test showed that the flowers extract contained more phenols and flavonoids compared to the leaves extract. DPPH assay also confirmed that flowers extract presented higher IC50 compared to leaves extract. These results suggested that phenols and flavonoids may function as antioxidant agents in D. pentandra. However, further study is needed to investigate whether there are differences of phenols and flavonoids types in leaves and flowers of D. pentandra.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2018
EditorsTerry Mart, Djoko Triyono, Ivandini T. Anggraningrum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019
Event4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201831 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2168
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period30/10/1831/10/18

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Dendrophthoe pentandra
  • methanolic extract
  • phytochemical analysis

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