Physicochemical properties of natural photoprotective lip balm with illipe butter as raw material

Nadhira Alifa Hubeis, Muhammad Arif Darmawan, Muhammad Yusuf Arya Ramadhan, Misri Gozan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light on human skin can cause dangerous side effects such as sunburn and skin cancer. Anatomical differences between the skin of the lips and other parts of the body make the surface of the lips more susceptible to the effects of UV exposure. Currently, the UV light filter used in lip balm formulations is TiO2. This compound is a dangerous compound that risks causing cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and photo carcinogenicity. This study aims to obtain the optimum formulation of photoprotective lip balm using illipe butter and lignin as raw materials. Illipe butter is commonly known as Cocoa Butter Substitute (CBS). This butter contains fatty acids, phytosterols, triglycerides, and melting points close to body temperature, between 28 and 30.9 °C. Considering the characteristics and melting point of Illipe Butter, the author assessed its potential as a primary ingredient for photoprotective lip balm cosmetics. In this study, the independent variable observed is that the composition varies between fat, wax, and oil used in lip balm formulation. Sample 3 has the highest SPF value, 16.89, since it contains the highest concentration of VCO.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2021
EditorsMuhammad Al Muttaqii, Kiki Kurniawan, Muhammad Hanafi, Ahmad Randy
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735442658
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2022
Event7th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2021, ISAC 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 28 Sept 202130 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Conference7th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2021, ISAC 2021
CityVirtual, Online


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