Physical properties of polyethylene and ethylene vinyl acetate foam mixtures

Opa Fajar Muslim, Ariadne Lakshmidevi Juwono, Dwi Novriadi, Tulus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Previous studies on the physical properties of each Polyethylene (PE) or Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) foam have been widely reported. The current challenge is how to understand the combination of PE and EVA foam in order to obtain appropriate properties in various applications. Therefore, an experimental breakthrough in order to understand the physical mechanism on the PE:EVA mixed foam in order to maintain many appropriate properties due to their applications was studied. The physical properties of a combination of PE and EVA foam with Azodicarbonamide (ADC) as blowing agent and the addition of Zinc Oxide (ZnO) as accelerated agent in foaming process have been investigated in this study. The foams were prepared via two steps. Firstly, the various content of PE and EVA resins with combination of various content of ZnO and the addition of ADC, stearic acids and antioxidants were mixed by a single screw extrusion as the results of pellets. Furthermore, this intermediate product was pressed by compression moulding at the temperature of 175 °C and pressure of 30 bar for 5 minutes, then the pressure was released for the foaming process. The effect of the addition of ZnO were observed on the density and the mechanical properties of the foams. The density decreased with increasing of ZnO content up to 4 per hundred resin (phr) on the foam with PE content maximum of 20 phr. Interestingly the density of the foam increased with the addition of 6 phr of ZnO. Due to the increasing number of ZnO, we found the formation of foams completely. We observed the approval of the hardness, tensile and compression properties of each formulation, respectively. Furthermore, the morphology observation of the foams was conducted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to measure the size and homogeneous of the cells. We observed large size of cells at low density of foams, meanwhile uniform of cell was obtained at the high density of foams. Finally, the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed that in general the intensity of the absorption peak at around 2216 cm-1-2223 cm-1 of each formulation decreased with the addition of ZnO up to 4 phr of ZnO and increased again at 6 phr of ZnO.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Materials
Subtitle of host publicationFundamental Research and Industrial Application
Editors Risdiana, Budhy Kurniawan, Darminto, A.A. Nugroho
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783035718690
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event5th International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 11 Nov 202012 Nov 2020

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume1028 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752


Conference5th International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2020
CityVirtual, Online


  • Density
  • Ethylene Vinyl Acetate
  • Foam
  • Mechanical properties
  • Morphology
  • Polyethylene
  • ZnO


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