Phylogenetic relationship of Smilacaceae of java based on morphological characters

Lulut Dwi Sulistyaningsih, Abinawanto, Andi Salamah, Marlina Ardiyani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Phylogenetic study to determine the phylogenetic relationship of Smilacaeae of Java based on morphological data has been conducted. Smilacaceae has a well-deserved reputation for being taxonomically difficult since this family has wide phenotypic variation and lack of fertile collections. Smilacaceae species from Java consist of species which vary in both vegetative and reproductive characters. A total of ten species of Smilacaceae in Java with an addition of 78 taxa representing all genera and sections of the family from all over the world were used for phylogenetic analysis. Two species of Ripogonum (Ripogonum album and R. discolor) which were known as the sister of Smilacaceae were incorporated as an outgroup. A matrix consisted of 38 binary and ten multistate morphological characters were constructed. Strict consensus tree revealed from Maximum Parsimony (MP) as well as Neighbor-Joining (NJ) showed that Smilacaceae is a monophyletic family. Smilacaceae species of Java which belong to the section Macranthae are supposed to be closely related with Smilacaceae species from section Coilanthus and China based on MP analysis and supposed to be closely related with Smilacaceae species from section China based on NJ analysis. Sections of Smilacaceae are not monophyletic except section Coprosmanthus. Heterosmilax is considered to be derived from ancestral Smilax and occurs as a section of Smilax. This study supports previous studies that merged Heterosmilax to Smilax and made Smilacaceae as monogeneric taxa.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Biology and Applied Science, ICOBAS 2019
Editors Romaidi, Didik Wahyudi, Retno Novvitasari Hery Daryono, Eriyanto Yusnawan, Akira Kikuchi
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418608
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019
EventInternational Conference on Biology and Applied Science 2019, ICOBAS 2019 - Malang, Indonesia
Duration: 13 Mar 201914 Mar 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2120
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Biology and Applied Science 2019, ICOBAS 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityMalang
Period13/03/1914/03/19

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