Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) by UV-light irradiation using SnO2/CeO2 modified nanographene platelets (NGP)

V. Paramarta, A. Taufik, R. Saleh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The main task of this present work is to enhance the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) under UV-light irradiation by using SnO2/CeO2 that combined with nanographene platelets (NGP) composite catalysts. A facile approach for the synthesis of SnO2/CeO2/NGp composites was demonstrated via co-precipitation method. The nanographene platelets (NGP) concentrations in composites were altered between 5-15 weight percent (wt.%). The structure and thermal stability obtained composites catalyst were thoroughly studied by various techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. XRD analysis reveals that the composites have the tetragonal structure of SnO2 nanoparticle, the cubic phase of CeO2 and the graphitic-like structure from NGP. TGA curves prove the presence of NGP materials in the composites by the decrement in mass at the temperature about 600°C. The synthesized SnO2/CeO2/NGP 10 wt.% composite exhibits higher photocatalytic activities than SnO2/CeO2 and pure SnO2 nanoparticles for the degradation of MB dye under UV light irradiation. The photocatalytic activities of the synthesized samples show an increasing degradation in the order of SnO2<SnO2/CeO2<SnO2/CeO2/NGP 5 wt.%< SnO2/CeO2/NGP 15 wt.% <SnO2/CeO2/NGP 10 wt.%. The enhanced photocatalytic performance could be ascribed to the high electron accepting nature of graphene and increase the number of active sites owing to high charge carrier mobility and high specific surface area of graphene material. The other parameter such as catalyst dosage, irradiation time and scavenger were also analyzed to find out the optimum degradation condition. The SnO2/CeO2/NGP 10 wt.% composite reach optimum photodegradation when irradiation time, catalyst dosage and scavenger are 120 min, 0.3 g/L, and hole, respectively. The tests for reusability tests have also been conducted to ensure the stability of the used catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012005
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1442
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2020
EventBasic and Applied Sciences Interdisciplinary Conference 2017, BASIC 2017 - , Indonesia
Duration: 18 Aug 201719 Aug 2017

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