Phases evolution and photocatalytic activity of Cu 2 O films electrodeposited from a non-pH-adjusted solution

Setia Budi, Mari Takahashi, Mega Gladiani Sutrisno, Wisnu Ari Adi, Zahra Fairuza, Budhy Kurniawan, Shinya Maenosono, Akrajas Ali Umar

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4 Citations (Scopus)


A pure-phase Cu 2 O film photocatalyst was successfully prepared by the electrodeposition technique from a non-pH-adjusted solution. To investigate the phase evolution and photocatalytic activity of the film, the electrodeposition was conducted at different deposition temperatures. Photocatalytic activity of the films was evaluated from methylene blue (MB) dye degradation. The Cu 2 O phase initially appeared at room temperature and its fraction was found to increase with increasing the deposition temperature, while the impurity phase was successfully diminished. A pure Cu 2 O film with a narrow optical bandgap energy of 1.96 eV was obtained at 75°C. The multi-faceted crystals were found to form at 45°C and became a truncated octahedral structure that possessed {111} and {100} facets as deposition temperature further increased. A preferred orientation growth of {110} facet, which is known to possess a relatively high surface energy, was produced at 75°C. The performance of MB photodegradation enhanced gradually by increasing the deposition temperature. The increase of photocatalytic activity could be attributed to the rise of photoelectrochemical response and the decrease of resistance charge transfer because of narrowing bandgap energy, increasing Cu 2 O fraction, and growing a relatively high catalytic activity facet which had escalated redox reaction that decomposed MB at the photocatalyst-solution interface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230247
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2023


  • cuprous oxide
  • electrodeposition
  • methylene blue
  • phases evolution
  • photocatalytic activity
  • photodegradation


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