Background: Allergic rhinitis defined as an inflammatory disease of the nose mediated by immunoglobulin-E, induced after nasal mucosa exposure to allergen. Important inflammatory cells and mediators are eosinophils, histamine, and Th2-related cytokines. Symptoms include rhinorrhea, repeated sneezing, nasal congestion and/or nasal itching. Aside from its bothersome symptoms, allergic rhinitis decreases patient’s quality of life (QOL). Comprehensive management consist of allergen avoidance, medication, immunotherapy, and education, aimed to diminish symptoms and improve the patient’s quality of life. Purpose: To evaluate changes in quality of life, nasal mucosal eosinophil count, and level of interleukin-5 in allergic rhinitis after medicamentous treatment. Methods: This was an analytic pre-experimental study with data taken before and after medicamentous treatment. Results: Thirty-one of 33 subjects showed significant changes of QOL (MID>0,7). All samples, 33 subjects, experienced responsive changes in nasal mucosal eosinophil count. Thirty subjects were responsive, which showed decrease of IL-5 level. There was no significant relation between changes of QOL and changes of IL-5 level. Conclusion: Changes in quality of life, nasal mucosal eosinophil count, and IL-5 level are objective markers of treatment efficacy in Allergic Rhinitis, which can be used in clinical practices and researches.
Pitarini, A. P., Irawati, N., Poerbonegoro, N. L., Wulandari, D., & Badarsono, S. (2015). Perubahan kualitas hidup, eosinofil mukosa hidung, dan interleukin-5 serum pasien rinitis alergi pasca terapi. Oto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana, 45(2), 121-130. https://doi.org/10.32637/orli.v45i2.116