Periodontal status differences between chronic periodontitis patient with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus

Nadhia Anindita Harsas, Robert Lessang, Yuniarti Soeroso, Gladiola Alifa Putri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

National Basic Health Research of Indonesia in 2013 stated there were 6.9% proportion of Indonesian population or about 12 million people suffered from diabetic mellitus. Periodontitis is the most related oral disease with diabetic mellitus, but there are still lack of studies about this relationship especially in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to understand the comparison of periodontal status among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and non-diabetics with chronic periodontitis. The periodontal status of interest includes periodontal pockets, gingival recession, and attachment loss. A cross-sectional study method is used using 97 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 97 subjects without type 2 diabetes mellitus, sourced from medical record status in Periodontics Clinic, Dental Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia during 2007-2016. It was statistically analyzed by Mann-Whitney test. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences in the mean values of pocket depth, gingival recession, and attachment lost on subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with subjects without type 2 diabetes mellitus (p value < 0,05). In conclusion, there are periodontal status differences between chronic periodontitis patient with and without T2DM, with findings on deeper pocket depth, bigger gingival recession, and greater attachment lost on subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with subjects without type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Attachment loss
  • Chronic periodontitis
  • Gingival recession
  • Periodontal pocket
  • Type-2 diabetes mellitus

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