Periodontal parameters in Indonesian elderly and its association with cognitive impairment

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Abstract

Periodontitis and cognitive impairment are very prevalent among the elderly. Increasing evidence indicates that there is a link between these two conditions. This study aimed to assess the association between periodontal health and cognitive function among nursing home residents in Jakarta, Indonesia. A cross-sectional study of 91 elderly subjects was conducted in a public nursing home in Jakarta, Indonesia. Subjects underwent cognitive and periodontal examinations. Cognitive function was assessed using the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT). The following periodontal parameters were evaluated: plaque index (PlI), oral hygiene index (OHI), papillary bleeding index (PBI), pocket depths, gingival recession, attachment loss, and tooth loss. Sixty-one subjects had cognitive impairment and 30 subjects were cognitively normal. There were significant differences (p<.05) in age and education between the cognitively normal and cognitively-impaired subjects. However, there were no significant differences in gender between the two groups. There were significant differences in the plaque indices, OHI, papillary bleeding indices, pocket depths, gingival recession, attachment loss, and tooth loss between cognitively normal and cognitively-impaired subjects (p<.05). There were significant correlations between all periodontal parameters and cognitive function scores (p<.05). This study indicates that poorly periodontal health is significantly associated with cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1009-1012
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Elderly
  • Periodontitis

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