Synthesis of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) via wet chemical followed by a hydrothermal method has been carried out. The preparation of LiFePO4 was begun with the precursor of LiOH, NH4H2PO4, and FeSO4.7H2O mixed stoichiometrically. After the synthesis, LiFePO4 was doped using vanadium and then coated using two types of carbon sources, i.e. carbon black blended with activated carbon pyrolyzed from bamboo, through a solid-state reaction. The materials were mixed using a ball-mill and subsequently characterized using a thermal analyzer (STA) to determine the sintering temperature. The result shows that LiFePO4 formation temperature is at 639°C. The sintering process was performed for 4 hours and the characterization was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron microscope (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) testing was performed to show the conductivity of the formed materials. XRD result showed that LiFePO4/V/C phase has formed with an olivine structure, while the SEM result showed fair distribution and small particle size with some agglomerated microstructures. The EIS results showed that carbon coating on the active material increases the conductivity, whereas the addition of vanadium increases the conductivity of up to 5 wt.% vanadium but decreases at 7 wt.% vanadium.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Sep 2019|
|Event||1st International Conference on Design and Application of Engineering Materials 2018, IC-DAEM 2018 in conjunction with 11th Seminar Nasional Metalurgi dan Material, SENAMM 2018 - Bandung, Indonesia|
Duration: 6 Sep 2018 → 7 Sep 2018
- bamboo carbon
- battery cathode
- carbon black