OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the combined distribution of a panel of cellular messenger RNA markers can detect preeclampsia long before onset. STUDY DESIGN: We compared blood at 10-14 weeks from 11 women who ultimately experienced preeclampsia with 88 matched control subjects. After multiples of the median conversion of all the markers, logistic regression was used to calculate the risk of the development of preeclampsia. RESULTS: Higher multiples of the median values than expected were found for endoglin, fms-related tyrosine kinase 1, and transforming growth factor-β1. Lower multiples of the median values were found for placental growth factor and placental protein 13. Endoglin fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 and transforming growth factor-β1 had the best discriminant power. Messenger RNA species provided independent contributions to the prediction of preeclampsia. In fact, 11 women with preeclampsia scored a median risk of 50% of experiencing preeclampsia. Control subjects scored a median risk of preeclampsia f 0.18%. The detection rate at a 5% false positive rate was 72.3%. CONCLUSION: The messenger RNA dosage in maternal blood would be a useful method for the calculation of the risk of the development of preeclampsia.
- Logistic regression
- Maternal blood