Performance of ice slurry generator with mechanical scraper using R-22 and R-290

Fajri A. Rayhan, Agus Sunjarianto Pamitran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Ice slurry technology is highly favored to maintain the freshness of fish, as the cooling capacity of ice slurry is higher than that of flaked ice, tubular ice, plate ice, and block ice. One important part of an ice-slurry system is the ice generator. A mechanical scraper is the easiest type of ice-slurry generator to fabricate, because mechanical scrapers use only one type of material, such as stainless steel. The purpose of this research was to develop a prototype ice-slurry generator and analyze its performance. To enable comparison of their performance, both the R-22 and R-290 refrigerants were used as the working fluids in the refrigeration system. The study observed the time necessary to form ice and the scraper's ability to scrape the ice on the inner surface of the evaporator. The best system included faster ice-slurry generation and a durable generator that did not freeze up. Four combinations of scraper RPM and pump RPM varied speeds from low to high. The results showed that using R-290 refrigerant and lower RPM speeds for both the scraper and the pump generated ice slurry in a shorter time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1196
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017


  • Ice slurry
  • Mechanical scraper
  • R-22
  • R-290
  • Sea water


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