Vein cannula insertion in infants, toddlers, or children is quite difficult because of the size and location of their veins. Wrong vein cannula insertion are prone to happen in Difficult Venous Access (DVA) cases. This research is comparing the successful vein cannula insertion between using vein viewer and without vein viewer in pediatric patients. After obtained the ethical approval from Ethical Committee of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital and informed consent from patients, 88 pediatric patients were enrolled to this randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomized into 2 groups: first group was inserted without vein viewer and second group was inserted using vein viewer. Data was analyzed with Chi-square test. Successful rate in first attempt vein cannula insertion using vein viewer is 3.095 times higher than without vein viewer (p<0.05). First attempt vein cannula insertion in malnutrition patients has successful rate 0.85 times higher than good nutrition-obese patients (p<0.05). Age has significant relationship with vein cannula insertion (p<0.05). Successful rate in first attempt vein cannula insertion using vein viewer is higher than without vein viewer. Successful first attempt in vein cannula insertion has significant relationship with nutrition status and age.
|Journal||Majalah ANESTESIA & CRITICAL CARE|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|